School-based sexuality education in Tanzania

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School-based sexuality education in Tanzania often does not meet learners’ needs. This paper reflects on the findings of a study that compared two secondary school-based sexuality education programmes: the Dance4Life sexuality education edutainment approach implemented by Restless Development, a non-governmental organisation (intervention), and an HIV prevention education approach implemented by the government (comparison), to understand into what extent a peer-led edutainment approach can be beneficial in increasing young people’s empowerment, as measured by knowledge, life skills and self-efficacy, ultimately contributing to improved sexual and reproductive health outcomes. Findings from an exploratory quantitative and qualitative study among secondary school students aged 1424 years from four intervention schools (n=96) and two comparison schools (n=49) indicate that a peer-led edutainment approach can increase students’ knowledge levels of HIV and AIDS and contraception and their life skills, such as the ability to solve problems and to make informed decisions, higher self-esteem and confidence. These findings support the growing body of literature that a peer-led edutainment approach and implementation fidelity can improve the effectiveness of school-based sexuality education in Tanzania.

Knowledge product details

  • Small Grants

  • 2018

  • Tanzania

  • Sexuality education

  • Youth empowerment

  • Youth SRHR

  • Share-Net Netherlands

  • English

  • Research Report

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School-based sexuality education in Tanzania: A reflection on the benefits of peer-led edutainment approach

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Dance4life works with young people together for a healthy future; for themselves, their environment and the rest of the world. Together with local partners, Dance4life informs them about sexual health and rights. They engage young people with a positive approach through dance, music and personal stories. Together with young people, they focus on influencing parents, teachers and governments for a society where young people can make healthy choices regarding sex and are able to receive the healthcare they deserve. This is done through education in schools, using music and dance to involve and inspire young people. The initiative is active in almost 20 countries, spread over 5 continents.